The Middle Ages

The Middle Ages is the historical epoch between the end of antiquity and the beginning of the modern age - it is almost ten centuries of human, especially European, history (6th - 15th/16th centuries). Essential for the emergence of medieval civilization was Europe, which became the center of political, economic and cultural events. You can find more about the division of the Middle Ages and characteristic clothes, with examples of our brocades that can be classified in this period, in the article.

Division of the Middle Ages
  • Early Middle Ages (5th century - 11th century) - the spread of Christianity in the original and old centers of events, the development of Romanesque culture. Ancient slavery is disintegrating and feudal states are emerging that are influenced by Romanesque culture (the Frankish Empire).
  • The High Middle Ages (beginning of the 11th century - 14th century) - there is widespread farming (feudal dependents) and land owners (nobility, clergy) are also feudally dependent. The number of medieval burghers increases (the number increases as a result of the development of cities and trade centers). The family is the foundation of the state. There are conflicts between the monarch, who seeks centralist rule, and the nobility, who desire autonomy. Gothic culture is prominent.
  • The Late Middle Ages (14th - 15th centuries) - a period of social crisis, the end of the isolation of European civilization and the surrounding world. The Ottoman Empire expands, the Byzantine Empire and the Slavic states in the Balkans disappear. The first overseas discoveries are made.
Medieval clothing

Medieval people made sure that their social status could be seen from their clothes - thanks to this, a rich young man could not woo a poor girl. Women from artisan and yeoman families were not allowed to wear silk veils in public. Only ladies married to nobles could wear furs. Rarer fabrics such as velvet, ermine or satin were not allowed to be worn by wives and daughters of lower-ranking families. The upper nobility wore dresses embroidered with silver, members of the royal family had gold embroidery - purple silk was also reserved for them.

The social status of a man was expressed by the toes of his shoes - they stuffed them and the higher they stuck out, the higher the man was.

Generally, people wore tunics and cloaks that were in contrasting colors. The addition was semi-tight pants with attached stockings. The women wore long, pleated cloaks and covered their heads in large veils. The clothing of the common people was also in contrasting colors.