Art Nouveau & Modernism

The artistic style of the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries was referred to as "Art Nouveau". The main feature of Art Nouveau is high art in painting, sculpture and decoration. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, a philosophical and artistic movement known as ''modernism'' arose due to the transformations of Western society. Modernism had the task of creating new forms of art, philosophy and social organization. You can find information about both directions and examples of brocades that can be classified into individual periods in the article.

  • creating new forms of art, philosophy and social organization
  • a departure from original art forms that were obsolete for the artist
  • many directions fall here - impressionism, expressionism, dadaism, and many others
  • modernism rejected the idea of realism
  • it was based on self-awareness that related to social and artistic traditions


Art Nouveau


  • based on the floral concepts of William Morris
  • the main features are: ornamentation, fondness for unusual colors in combination with diverse materials
  • the main line is a curve, which, thanks to its undulations, evokes a feeling of movement
  • art nouveau turns to the natural forms of flowers and bodies (both human and animal)
  • the artistic style influenced a number of cities - Prague, Brno, Vienna, Paris, etc.